Contrary to popular belief, training with positive reinforcement is the best way to educate your dog instead of negative reinforcement such as punishment and punishments.
There are two forms of training that you commonly use, often up to, involuntary: the workout with positive reinforcement and training with negative reinforcement.
Once the dog is an animal that lives in the community with people, and it is increasingly seen as a member of the family, the “educate” and create rules is essential to be able to this close proximity.
For this reason, each time more we have recourse to the techniques of training of obedience so that the dog has certain behaviors according to our preferences.
TRAINING WITH POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT AND NEGATIVE
This type of training is based on the relationship established between the behavior of the animal and the consequence is that he gets this same behavior.
That is, both training with positive reinforcement as the negative examples of behavior, membership in which the animal associates the behavior to the consequences of the same.
1. TRAINING WITH NEGATIVE REINFORCEMENT
A case of a negative reinforcement is, for example, when the dog does their needs within the home or in an improper location and the punish. Or another example, the use of leashes with spikes for when the dog pulls too much on the ride.
However, recent studies about the learning of the dogs show that the methods based on punishment or in the punishment are not effective and may even have harmful consequences in the long term. Problems of aggression, anxiety, fear. This type of training is associated with a ill-being of the animal and may also harm the long-term your tutors.
2. TRAINING WITH POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT
In positive practice, when the animal has a good behavior, it is rewarded. Once the consequence is pleasant for the dog, he tends to repeat the behavior.
It has been proven that through training with positive reinforcement the animals learn faster and can also learn certain behaviors that would not be able to with another type of reinforcement.
An example of positive practice, is when you send your pet to sit, he obeys to your command and the reward with a cookie.
TRAINING WITH POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT: WHAT TO USE AS REINFORCEMENT
There is not a correct formula for the type of reinforcement to be applied, this will depend on a little bit of each animal, since, as in people, also the tastes and preferences vary from animal to animal.
As a general rule, the most used is the food, but many other reinforcements can be used. The important thing is to understand the preference of your dog, that is, what motivates you to have positive behaviors:
- A toy;
- A joke.
If you choose to reward your dog with food, you should always take into account the that offers. The food should always be appropriate to the diet of the animal, palatable and nutritionally balanced. If you have any questions in relation to the food that you should give your dog the training you should consult your veterinarian.
TRAINING WITH POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT: HOW TO APPLY IN PRACTICE
Training with positive reinforcement can be applied in various situations of day-to-day, in the education of the puppy and adult dog. The secret, as we saw earlier, is to use the stimulus correct (reinforcement) each time the animal has a behavior that we desire, or let you have a incorrect behavior.
An example of the use of training with positive reinforcement in dogs is learning the correct place to do his physiological needs. What we should do is, take the dog to the ride, and if it is urine or defeque, reward it, for example with a cookie.
When the puppy makes their needs in home we are to ignore this behavior. In this way, the dog will associate that if you do this inside the house nothing happens, but if you do this during the tour will receive a cookie.
The application of positive reinforcement, in the initial phase of learning, must take into account various aspects in order to achieve the best result:
- Be applied immediately after the appropriate behavior;
- Be applied immediately after the disappearance of the proper behavior;
- Be applied at all times that the desired behavior occurs.
When the animal has assimilated what we want to do, we can withdraw gradually strengthening at random. This will cause the interest of the dog by the reinforcement used increases, and thus feel more motivated to have positive behavior.
3 TIPS FOR USING THE TRAINING WITH POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT IN THE EDUCATION OF YOUR PUPPY
1. DO THE NEEDS IN THE RIGHT PLACE
- Stroll your dog about 20 to 30 minutes after the meal, since it will be at this time that you will have more desire to make the needs;
- Take it to the street ill wake up and before bedtime;
- Use a praise-verbal (such as, for example, “beautiful” or “very well”) when your dog do the needs and reward with a cookie or a toy when it runs out (positive reinforcement);
- If they should happen “accidents” not the flog, stay calm and take the dog to the place where he should have done the needs.
2. WALK TO THE LEASH
- After you put the leash on the dog, and encourage them to follow you by using verbal praise, and if he the following use of rewards like cookies or other food that your dog likes;
- If the dog pulling on the leash and this becomes under tension to stop and hold the leash securely, if it is closer and the leash back to get tension-free reward again, and so on.
3. TO TEACH THE SIT
- Start the training sessions in a quiet location with minimal distractions;
- Use rewards that the dog likes it enough;
- Use small words, such as “sit,” and repeat them only once;
- Encourage the dog to sit while you repeat the order word, and each time he sit reward;
- Repeat short training sessions whenever possible.
Every dog is a dog and it is advised that all this work is done from the dog, because the personality and behaviour of your animal will become increasingly more stressed as time goes along. So, in case you feel any difficulty to start this process, seek the help of a professional.
The Vetecare has a vast network of schools and training professionals to behavioral therapy, training and animal programs of obedience that can help protect your dog against unwanted issues and to have a dog that is more balanced.